On the Day of Pentecost Luke wrote about the Lord’s Supper. Acts 2:42

Jesus instituted this meal to keep reminding His followers of Him

Called the Eucharist meaning: the giving of thanks.

Ordinance:   a decree  A rule made by authority.

Sacrament: Outward & visible sign of an inward & spiritual grace given as pledge to Christ

Both the meal & baptism can result in  spiritual blessing when faith is involved.

Transubstantiation  Bread & wine becomes body & blood of Christ. After priests words.

Consubstantiation   bread & wine, body & blood co existing. Luther

Memorial supper  Zwingli  Just a remembrance  of Christ’s death

Spiritual Presence  Calvin   Christ present  discerned by faith

Jesus introduced the Lord’s Supper.

- It was the Passover  Matthew 26:17

- Night He was betrayed  1 Corinthians 11:23

- One would betray Jesus  Matthew 26:21

- Promise to drink the wine with us in the Kingdom of God  Matthew 26:29

Two Parts. Bread & Wine Prayer of thanks before the sharing of bread & wine.

Bread: This is My body Matthew 26:26 given for you  Luke 22:19

Wine  This is My blood Matthew 26:28 poured out for you  Luke 22:20

Jesus viewed  it as a command  to be kept up. Matthew 26:29 'Drink it anew in My Father’s Kingdom'

1 Corinthians 11:23-34

Preceded by a common meal  sharing common food.

Paul passed on what He had received regarding the Lord’s Supper. Would take place until The Lord returned. Common meal prior to that sharing same food by all. In a worthy way.

Need to examine oneself not to bring judgement on oneself.

Rise of the Mass

First part for believers only.

RC teaching – Bread & wine  becomes body & blood of Christ  Luther & Zwingli objected

Merely a memorial

Calvin:  Christ spiritually present . Grace imparted if faith present

Restricted to  believers. Outsiders regarded as unworthy.  Members of church only. Not our table, it is the Lord’s table.  Examine ourselves not by others.

Purpose of the Lord’s Supper: Why God sent His Son. 1 Corinthians 11:26  ABC of the church reminder

Intimacy with Christ John 6:53 Love Him. Jesus present. Come with expectancy.

Grace imparted because Christ spiritually present.

A reminder Christ had a body broken for us.  Blood shed for our sins.

The Church:  1 Corinthians 11:29 Christ’s body on the cross  & also the church His body  All equal.

In a worthy manner:  Examine your attitude. 1 Corinthians 11:28  Affirm it is for you. Remind what it means.

The reasons for the meal. Come with expectancy Christ is alive.

Unworthy attitude results in  external chastening  or terminal !

If revival comes, a sense of God’s presence.  A time of worship & focus on Jesus.

Come obedient in life to the Word, accept chastening. Enjoy the presence of the Trinity.